Arts and Crafts of Chhattisgarh

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May 6, 2014
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December 10, 2015

Arts and Crafts of Chhattisgarh

Chhattisgarh is known for its distinctive arts and crafts that mirror simplicity and traditions of the state and its people.

DHOKRA OR BELL METAL

Bastar and Raigarh districts of Chhattisgarh are known for Dhokra art, wherein bell metal is commonly used to make dull gold figurines. Tribes like ‘Ghadwas’ of Bastar and ‘Jharas’ of Raigarh practice this art form and bring products to life with lost wax technique or hollow casting.

The traditional technique of Dhokra is simple but requires great precision and each product, whether it is created for daily use or spiritual purposes, is intricate and detailed. One  of the most popular crafts of Chhattisgarh, the excellence of Dhokra appeals  to travellers from all over the world and this unique craft represents the state internationally.

TERRACOTTA

Symbolising fears and aspirations of the people,  terracotta is closely related to the customs and traditions of Chhattisgarh. Terracotta figures are shaped  either by hands or on the potter’s wheel and they depict different stages of the human life. The regions of Bastar, Raigarh, and Ambikapur are particularly famous for this art. The potters who practice this craft still use the ancient technique of making terracotta. They collect clay from river banks; break it; knead it and give them imaginative forms.

WOOD CRAFT

Wood craft is one of the most popular crafts in Chhattisgarh and it is renowned in various parts of the country. The tribes in Chhattisgarh initially used wood as a building material but later, they started using it for carving objects and carpentry. It led to the emergence  of a community called the Badhais, which became  proficient in wood craft. Today, Chhattisgarh and wood craft are inseparable  and intricate wood carvings are often seen on doors, pillars, ceiling frames and furniture in the state. Life size images of Gods and Goddesses  are particularly famous in Raigarh and Sarguja.

Art and Craft of Chhattisgarh (Image credit: Chattisgarh Tourism Board)

WROUGHT IRON

Wrought iron products surfaced out of respect of the tribes for their environment. Mostly made of recycled scrap iron, this craft is produced  by beating metal in furnaces and then making shapes using tongs. The dexterity of the craftsmen is such that no joints appear  in the products. Lamps, figures of deities, toy animals and effigies of musicians are some of the typical wrought iron products.

STONE CARVING

The God loving state of Chhattisgarh is emotionally and spiritually attached  to the sculptures and carvings of its deities. The tribal stone craft reflects their aspirations and gives them a sense of security. Other than religious figures, the artists also carve memorial pillars and household vessels.

BAMBOO CRAFT

 Bamboo is found in abundance in Chhattisgarh. Making optimum use of their forest reserves, the tribes of the state practice bamboo  craft and create home decors and everyday products including table mats, wall hangings, baskets, table lamps, tools for hunting and traps for  fishing.

Art and Craft of Chhattisgarh (Image credit: Chattisgarh Tourism Board)

PAINTINGS

Each painting in Chhattisgarh is associated with a ritual or tradition. These priceless artefacts depict images of the tribes, their culture and lifestyle. This art is very special to the tribes of Chhattisgarh and an indispensable part of each occasion, from child birth to marriages.Tourists visiting Chhattisgarh are left mesmerised at the sight of these paintings and they often take this part of Chhattisgarh’s rich heritage with them.

THE FABRIC OF CHHATTISGARH

Kosa also known as Tussar is primarily found in Raigarh and Champa. The Kosa comes in variety of patterns and are then block printed, embroidered or painted to make them look gorgeous. Silk weaving is the main handloom industry of  Chhattisgarh.

These  crafts are an integral part of the natives and reflects the rich cultural legacy of the talented artists. Any trip to Chhattisgarh is incomplete without buying an exquisite locally produced souvenir.

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